Bakelite feels heavier when compared to some other types of plastics, like celluloid as one example. Phenoplasts are some of the oldest synthetic thermosetting polymers and continue to be prominent resins with an impressive worldwide volume … The resin is known for behind highly water resistant, and has a flash-point much, MUCH higher than the temperature of boiling water, not to mention the human body. Phenolic resins (Phenoplasts) are synthetic thermosetting resins invented by Dr. Leo Baekeland in 1907. An example of typical color change is shown in Fig. Melting is a process whereby a collection of atoms/molecules that are held together by weak forces are provided sufficient energy so that the individual molecules can separate from each other. Bakelite is a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin, formed from a condensation reaction of phenol with formaldehyde. Phenol formaldehyde resins (PF) or phenolic resins are synthetic polymers obtained by the reaction of phenol or substituted phenol with formaldehyde.Used as the basis for Bakelite, PFs were the first commercial synthetic resins (plastics).They have been widely used for the production of molded products including billiard balls, laboratory countertops, and as coatings and adhesives. [6] When phenol (C 6 H 6 O), which is an organic compound [1] and a common disinfectant [3] , is mixed with formaldehyde (CH 2 O) in the presence of an alkali catalyst and heat [2] , … All true Bakelite, regardless of surface color (Figs. This is an early example of a Dictaphone housed in a Bakelite casing. Bakelite resin is a phenol formaldehyde resin formed by condensation reaction of phenol or substituted phenol with formaldehyde. 6. The material is often called Bakelite . Normal oxidation provides a valuable clue whether a suspected piece is true Bakelite (phenolic resin) or a look-alike material. Known as a cast phenol formaldehyde resin, Catalin, created in 1927, is a thermosetting polymer not unlike Bakelite, except the production is in two stages, where Bakelite requires more of a multistage curing process. It worked on the same principle as early record players. Bakelite was the first truly synthetic, as well as the first commercially produced, synthetic resin. Consider the weight of a piece of plastic jewelry. A needle etched grooves from sound vibrations onto a wax cylinder which a secretary would later play back and listen to. The process of creating Bakelite resin is irreversible: it can't be reverted to its original components! These layers of laminations are usually of cellulose paper, cotton fabrics, synthetic yarn fabrics, glass fabrics or unwoven fabrics. Hold another type of plastic you have identified in one hand, and a piece you know to be Bakelite of approximately the same size in the other. Bakelite is NOT a form of frozen formaldehyde. 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